Funding phase 1:
Facilitating cooperative medical diagnosing competencies: The effects of cooperation scrips and reflection phases
In the first phase of project 6, we developed a document-based simulation. The simulation was implemented in CASUS and tested in a pilot study. In addition, we developed ten complex patient cases, which were validated in an expert workshop. Subsequently, three studies were conducted, in which the learners were supported in the cooperative diagnosis process by different variants of socio-cognitive scaffolding - cooperation scripts as well as reflection phases.
At first, two extensive validation studies were realized, in which in total more than 100 medical students with different levels of prior knowledge as well as nearly 30 internists participated. Within the second study (intervention study) medical students were supported in collaborative diagnostic processes by either a static or adaptive collaboration script. In the current third study, the adaptive collaboration scripts are experimentally varied with the reflection phases using a 2x2 design.
Funding phase 2:
CoSiMed - Facilitating cooperative medical diagnosing competencies: The effects of the adaptation of scaffolding to the professional knowledge base of the collaboration partners
In the second phase of the project, we will use the current data sets from TP6 and TP5 to investigate the extent to which the correlations between the explanatory factors of diagnostic quality in collaborative diagnostics apply across contexts and studies. In addition to hypothesis-testing structural equation models, methods of learning analytics for the explorative identification of patterns and dependencies in process data will be applied. Finally, the second and third study will use (quasi-) experimental designs to investigate the influence of the adaptation of the examined scaffolds to the strategic and conceptual knowledge of the own discipline of the learner and to the strategic and conceptual meta-knowledge about the discipline of the collaboration partner (professional knowledge base) on the promotion of collaborative diagnostic competencies. For this purpose, 128 medical students will be recruited between the 4th and 11th or 4th and 6th semester.